November 26, 2013
In recent years, cities have been leading innovators in shaping complete streets that accommodate the needs of pedestrians, transit vehicles, bicyclists, freight and motorists, all while considering the businesses and residents located along the street. The Urban Street Design Guide (USDG) is a new compilation of the design concepts and the lessons learned in the complete streets movement. Published back in September by the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO), the handbook offers detailed guidance on all sorts of complete street retrofits, such as reimagining the urban boulevard, installing a raised intersection, or tightening a turning radius. It also advises on how to use limited resources to make improvements through incremental, interim progress.
The USDG is grounded in the philosophy that streets in cities and town are not merely for conveying traffic but are also public spaces that should be safe, sustainable, economically beneficial, and enhance the quality of life. Roadway design in the U.S. has traditionally been oriented toward moving lots of cars safely, quickly, and over long distances.However, urban areas also need walking, transit, bicycles, and freight to maximize the efficiency of their transportation system. The USDG is the first comprehensive national guidebook to emphasize city street design as a unique practice with its own set of design goals, parameters, and tools. NACTO believes that this guidance will help allay the political and legal concerns over trying out new roadway design standards.
As a founding organizer of NACTO, Philadelphia has been a key part of the complete streets conversation. The city’s 2012 complete streets ordinance led to the development of the Philadelphia Complete Streets Design Handbook, a document that communicates design guidance for engineers, architects, and planners and helps communities understand the tools available for creating better streets. Today, development proposals and roadway projects that meet certain thresholds are required to fill out a Complete Streets Checklist demonstrating consideration and compliance with complete streets guidance in Philadelphia.